MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI BELAJAR DAN KEAKTIFAN MAHASISWA MELALUI PROJECT BASED LEARNING

Harry Dwi Putra
Ratni Purwasih

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Prestasi belajar dan keaktifan mahasiswa penting untuk ditingkatkan dalam proses pembelajaran, sehingga diperlukan suatu model pembelajaran yang inovatif. Dari begitu banyak model pembelajaran inovatif, salah satu yang tepat untuk meningkatkan prestasi belajar dan keaktifan mahasiswa adalah pembelajaran berbasis proyek (project based learning), karena lebih menekankan pada pendekatan kontekstual melalui kegiatan-kegiatan yang kompleks, melibatkan mahasiswa dalam melakukan investigasi pemecahan masalah dan kegiatan bermakna, memberi kesempatan bekerja secara mandiri dalam mengkontruksi pengetahuan, serta menghasikan produk nyata. Penelitian ini merupakan kuasi eksperimen dengan menggunakan kelompok eksperimen dan kontrol. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes hasil belajar dan lembar observasi keaktifan mahasiswa. Penelitian dilaksanakan di dua kelas reguler angkatan 2014 program studi pendidikan matematika STKIP Siliwangai Bandung. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 120 mahasiswa yang terbagi di kelas A1 dan A3. Teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara purposive, karena penelitian ini diterapkan pada mahasiswa di kelas yang mengambil mata kuliah media pembelajaran matematika. Berdasakan analisis data, diperoleh rerata peningkatan prestasi belajar kelas eksperimen dan kontrol masing-masing sebesar 84,57 dan 72,79. Persentase keaktifan mahasiswa kelas eksperimen dan kontrol masing-masng sebesar 70,93% dan 69,41%. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa prestasi belajar dan keaktifan mahasiswa yang memperoleh pembelajaran dengan project based learning lebih baik daripada yang memperoleh pembelajaran dengan metode ekspositori.

 

Kata Kunci: Prestasi Belajar, Keaktifan, dan Project Based Learning.

 

 

ABSTRACT

Learning and student achievement is important for the enhanced activity of the learning process, so we need a model of innovative learning. Of so many innovative learning model, one that is appropriate to improve learning achievement and activity of students is project-based learning (project based learning), as more emphasis on contextual approach through activities that are complex, involve students in an investigation of problem solving and activities meaningful, giving the opportunity to work independently in the construct knowledge, as well as generate real products. This is a quasi-experimental study using experimental and control groups. The instrument used was a test of learning outcomes and student observation sheet liveliness. The research was conducted in two regular class 2014 of mathematics education courses STKIP Siliwangai Bandung. Subjects numbered 120 students, divided in classes A1 and A3. The sampling technique was done by purposive, because this study applied to the students in the class were taking courses in mathematics learning media. Based on data analysis, obtained a mean improvement of learning achievement of the experimental and control classes respectively by 84.57 and 72.79. Activeness percentage grade students experiment and control each masng amounted to 70.93% and 69.41%. It can be concluded that the achievement of learning and activity of students who receive study with project-based learning is better than the gain of learning with expository method.

 

Key Words: Achievement, Activeness, and Project Based Learning.

 


Keywords


Prestasi Belajar, Keaktifan, dan Project Based Learning.

References


Azwar, S. (1998). Tes Prestasi II. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Creswell, J. (2008). Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. New Jersey: Pearson-Merrill Prentice Hall.

Dalyono. (2005). Psikologi Pendidikan.Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Fraenkel, J. C. & Wallen, N. E. (1990). How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education.New York: McGraw-Hill.

Hake, R. R. (1999). Analyzing Change/Gain Scores.[Online]. Tersedia di: http: //www.physics.indiana.edu/∼sdi/Analyzingchange-Gain.pdf. Diakses 23September 2015).

Hamalik, O. (2006). Proses Belajar Mengajar.Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Marlinda, N. L. P. M. (2012). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif dan Kinerja Ilmiah Siswa. (Tesis). Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Denpasar.

Meltzer, D. E. (2002). “The Relationship between Mathematics Preparation and Conceptual Learning Gain in Physics: A Possible “HiddenVariable” in Diagnostics Pretest Scores”. American Journal of Physics. Vol. 70 (12) 1259-1268.

Poerwadarminta, W. J. S. (2006). Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia.Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Siegel, I. E. (1985). Parental Beliefs System: The Psychological Consequences for Children. Hill Sedlle, HJ: Erlbaum.

Sudjana, N. (2005). Dasar-Dasar Proses Belajar Mengajar. Bandung: Sinar Baru Algesindo.

Usman, M. U. (2002). Menjadi Guru Profesional.Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Wena, M. (2011). Strategi Pembelajaran Inovatif Kontemporer: Suatu Tinjauan Konseptual Operasional. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22460/p2m.v2i2p128-136.156

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1605 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) - 1380 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.