## Main Article Content

## Abstract

The purpose of this research is to describe the representation of sixth grade students in solving mathematics word problems. The focus of the representation of this research is an external representation which is viewed from students with high mathematical abilities. The method used in this research is task-based interview, by giving a problem test of word problems. Students who have a high level of abilities, he makes pictures of all problems and successfully solve the problems. Students whose level of abilities is lacking, he only makes incomplete symbol / verbal representations, he has wrong when solving the problems. Various kinds of representations and increasing abilities in many problems such as multiplying exercises and solve the word pronlem. Applying various representations to students are very important to be improved by students in order to succeed in solving various mathematical word problems.

## Keywords

Representation
Solving Problem
Word Problem

## Article Details

* * References

- Ahmad, A., Tarmizi, R. A., & Nawawi, M. (2010). Visual representations in mathematical word problem solving among form four students in Malacca. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 356-361.
- Boonen, A. J., van der Schoot, M., van Wesel, F., de Vries, M. H., & Jolles, J. (2013). What underlies successful word problem solving? A path analysis in sixth grade students. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 38(3), 271-279.
- Boonen, A. J., van Wesel, F., Jolles, J., & van der Schoot, M. (2014). The role of visual representation type, spatial ability, and reading comprehension in word problem solving: An item-level analysis in elementary school children. International Journal of Educational Research, 68, 15-26.
- Goldin, G., & Shteingold, N. (2001). Systems of representations and the development of mathematical concepts. The roles of representation in school mathematics, 2001, 1-23.
- Hwang, W. Y., Chen, N. S., Dung, J. J., & Yang, Y. L. (2007). Multiple Representation Skills and Creativity Effects on Mathematical Problem Solving using a Multimedia Whiteboard System. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 10(2).
- Lesh, R., Post, T. R., & Behr, M. (1987). Representations and translations among representations in mathematics learning and problem solving. In Problems of representations in the teaching and learning of mathematics. Lawrence Erlbaum.
- Markmann, A.B. (1999). Knowledge Representation. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum
- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2000). Principles and standards for school mathematics. Reston/VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
- Polya, G. (1981). Mathematical Discovery on Understanding, Learning, and Teaching Problem Solving. United States of America
- Salkind, G., M. (2017). Mathematical Representations. EDCI 857 Preparation and Professional Development of Mathematics Teachers
- Van der Schoot, M., Arkema, A. H. B., Horsley, T. M., & van Lieshout, E. C. (2009). The consistency effect depends on markedness in less successful but not successful problem solvers: An eye movement study in primary school children. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 34(1), 58-66.